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MSF denounces widespread attacks on Tigray clinics

The medical charity MSF on Monday condemned a “deliberate and generalised” programme of targeting clinics in the conflict-hit Tigray region of Ethiopia.

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed launched a military campaign in Tigray last year after blaming the region’s ruling party, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), for attacks on army camps.

Abiy, winner of the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize, leaned on forces from Amhara to secure western and southern Tigray once the TPLF retreated from those areas, and multiple reports have already emerged of dire conditions.

A statement issued Monday by Doctors Without Borders, know by its French initials MSF, said “treatment structures in the Ethiopian region of Tigray were looted, vandalised and destroyed in a deliberate and generalised manner” according to its observers in the area.

The group said it had visited 106 sites between mid-December and early March, and that 70 percent had been looted.

Only 13 percent “functioned normally”, the French-language statement added.

“One health establishment in five visited by MSF teams were occupied by soldiers. In certain cases, this occupation was temporary, while in others, it continued during the visit,” the group said.

Last week, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken told Congress that “acts of ethnic cleansing” had been committed in western Tigray, with Ethiopia quickly rejecting the charge as “unfounded and spurious”.

According to MSF, in Abiy Addi, a town in central Tigray, the hospital was occupied in early March by Ethiopian forces to treat their wounded, while in Mugulat to the east, “Eritrean soldiers” used a local clinic as a base.

Both Addis Abeba and Asmara have denied the presence of Eritrean soldiers in the region, despite persistent reports.

In late November, Abiy declared victory in Tigray after capturing the regional capital Mekele, but TPLF leaders fled and the fighting continues.

Meanwhile, MSF’s statement alleged that “at the hospital in Adwa, in the heart of the region, medical equipment, in particular sonogram material and monitors, were deliberately broken”.

Residents of the area were forced to rely on less well-equipped and staffed clinics for treatment, and often had to reach them on foot because ambulances had been requisitioned by the armed forces.

MSF director general Olivier Behn urged that the clinics be repaired, as well as medical staff be paid and allowed to work in a secure environment.